Category Archives: Phil’s Nutrition

What Is The Healthiest Way To Cook Meat?

From a health standpoint, the best ways to cook meat are slow cooking, pressure cooking and sous vide.

Slow-cooking is a low-temperature cooking method that utilizes moist heat for an extended period of time.

Pressure cooking uses moist heat and steam pressure inside a sealed pot to cook food faster.

Sous vide, or low temperature cooking, is a process of cooking food in a sealed package immersed in a water bath at a very tightly controlled temperature.

Bagels

Who among us doesn’t love a bagel for breakfast? Unfortunately, bagels are an exceptionally calorie and carb-dense morning treat. Do you know how many slices of bread actually equal a single bagel? The correct answer is six.

Now that I have your attention, here are a few bagel facts that you should keep in mind before you plan your next bread-based breakfast. A modest, medium-sized plain (white bread) bagel (about 3.5 to 4 inches in diameter) contains about 300 calories and 1.5 grams of fat. But the bagels that you buy at your local bakery or bagel shop are much larger and usually weigh in at 500 to 600 calories a pop. And when you slather on a healthy dollop of regular cream cheese (at 50 calories and 5 grams of fat per tablespoon), you’ve polished off more than a third of an average 2,000-calories-a-day diet.

As is usually the case, portion size is most important. Opt for smaller bagels and stick to just a half. A single-ounce portion of a bagel (about the size of one of those mini-bagels) has 80 calories. Instead of globs of full-fat cream cheese, use the light version and cut the calories and fat by almost 50%. Better yet, choose other high-protein toppings such as peanut butter, smoked salmon, hummus or a scrambled egg.

Phil’s Fish Favorites

Fish is a very healthy, high-protein, low-fat, easy to digest food that provides an impressive range of health benefits. White-fleshed fish, in particular, is lower in fat than any other source of animal protein, and oily fish are high in Omega-3 fatty acids, or the “good” fats. Since the human body can’t make significant amounts of these essential nutrients, fish are an important part of our diet.

Wild Salmon

Packed with vitamins, minerals, and healthy Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, wild salmon delivers a boat load of nutrients with a very low caloric impact: one fillet (143 grams) of wild salmon contains 281 calories whereas its farm-raised cousin swims in with 412. Both varieties have the same amount of protein, but wild salmon has less fat (13 grams versus 27 grams), and almost three times the amount of saturated fat found in farm salmon.

Halibut

A great source of B vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids, halibut is a low-calorie/high-protein salt water treat. One 3-ounce serving contains only 94 calories and over 18 grams of protein.

Mackerel

With health benefits ranging from improving blood flow and lowering blood pressure to brain and nerve development, mackerel is one of the most highly recommended oily fish for a healthy diet. A protein rich fish found in deep temperate and tropical waters, mackerel is a nutrient powerhouse with high levels of Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, the antioxidant Coenzyme Q10, vitamins A, B6, B12, C, D, E and K, and the minerals calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, sodium, selenium, zinc and copper.

Trout

Trout is one of the healthiest fish that you can include in your diet. A cooked 3-ounce serving of farm raised rainbow trout contains a whopping 981 milligrams of the Omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) and docosahexanoic acid (DHA) – which far exceeds the recommended minimum of 250 milligram per day – 21 grams of protein, and only 6 grams of total fat.

Perch

A 3-ounce serving of perch is rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, and delivers 16 grams of protein for just 75 calories.

Tuna

Tuna is one of the most widely consumed fish around the world, and has a range of health benefits that cannot be denied or underestimated. Tuna provides you with more than 80% of your daily value of vitamin B12, 30% of vitamin B6, 100% of niacin, and decent amounts of vitamins A and E. Tuna is also packed with tons of minerals including large amounts of iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and selenium to name just a few. And when it comes to calories, a 6-ounce can of tuna contains only 191 calories; a 6-ounce tuna steak contains only 180 calories, and both average 41 grams of protein.

Anchovies

Low in saturated fat, anchovies are loaded with protein, vitamin A, and Omega-3 fatty acids. 100 grams of this salt-water forage fish contains 131 calories, zero carbs, 4.84 grams of fat, and 20.35 grams of protein.

Shrimp

Four ounces of boiled or steamed shrimp contains just 112 calories, no carbohydrates, nearly 24 grams of protein and 1.2 grams of fat – only 0.3 grams of which is saturated. Shrimp are an excellent source of Omega-3 fatty acids, the essential amino acid tryptophan, vitamin B12, and also provides more than 60 percent of your daily needs for the trace mineral selenium, which enhances immunity, thyroid function and reproduction.

Haddock

A 3-ounce serving of haddock contains only 95 calories, over 25 grams of protein, and less than 1 grams of total fat. This saltwater fish also contains healthy amounts of vitamins B12 and B6, niacin, thiamin, riboflavin, folate, selenium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, iron, calcium, sodium and zinc.

Cod

Cod is a low fat flaky white meat fish that is an excellent source of protein, phosphorus, niacin, and Vitamin B-12. A 3-ounce cooked portion of cod has less than 90 calories, one gram of fat, and 15 to 20 grams of protein.

Sardines

Named after the Italian island of Sardinia, Napoleon popularized sardines by making them the first fish ever to be canned. Although still usually found in those flat metal cans, this humble little fish is surprisingly nutritious. Sardines are a prime source of protein (3 grams per can with only 25 calories), vitamin B12, and high levels of tryptophan. They are also chock-full of selenium, vitamin D, Omega-3 fatty acids, calcium and phosphorus.

What Is IIFYM?

IIFYM (If It Fits Your Macros) is a nutritional concept that simply means eating foods that meet your macronutrient needs.

Appealing to many because of its flexibility in food choices and seemingly lax eating patterns, the IIFYM theory is adaptable to formal diet plans or can be followed on its own.

IIFYM is based on the proposition that calorie counts are the decisive factor in determining body weight changes, and macronutrient manipulation decides how many calories we ingest. If this sounds somewhat familiar to you, it should. The roots of IIFYM are planted firmly in the Calories In – Calories Out theory. The premise of this simplistic theory states that in order to maintain a specific bodyweight, an individual must ingest an amount of food calories equal to the amount of calories burned each day. Should that individual begin eating fewer calories per day than he or she burns, weight loss will occur due to a caloric deficit. Conversely, if the individual starts to eat more, the result will be a caloric surplus and eventual weight gain.

IIFYM expands on the theory by adding macronutrient ratios to the equation. Here’s how it works:

  • You begin by accepting that regardless of whether an individual is looking to lose fat or gain muscle, the amount of protein that they consume each day must be sufficient enough to preserve and/or build muscle.
  • Protein, along with fats and carbohydrates, comprise the three macronutrient groups.
  • For an individual to meet his or her total calorie intake for a particular day – while ensuring that their protein intake for that day is sufficient – that individual must manipulate the fat and carbohydrate amounts they ingest to compensate for the increased protein intake. Not doing so will result in the consumption of too many calories.
  • An individual may choose any food that he or she wants to consume in order to reach their calorie total for the day, but the combination of those foods must meet the required macronutrient ratio. In other words, if an individual follows a 40/40/20 nutrition plan, 80% of his or her diet will evenly consist of proteins and carbohydrates, and 20% will consist of fats. That means 1000 calories should come from protein, 1000 calories should come from carbs, and 500 calories should come from fats. IIFYM says that what foods the individual eats to achieve those macronutrient totals is irrelevant, as long as they are reached.

This macronutrient manipulation is important to the theory because each macronutrient has varying calorie amounts. Proteins and carbs have 4 calories per gram, while fats have 9 calories per gram. If an individual has 50 grams of fats in a given meal, as opposed to someone who has 50 grams of carbohydrates, the former will intake 200 more calories than the latter. This variance illustrates how food choices will guide IIFYM users towards food selections that will promote fat loss, weight maintenance, or muscle gain.

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What Are Macronutrients & Micronutrients?

Nutrients are environmental substances used for energy, growth, and bodily functions by living organisms. Depending on the nutrient, these substances are needed in small amounts or large amounts.

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Macronutrients provide calories or energy to the human body in the form of calories, and are required in large amounts. There are three classifications of macronutrients: carbohydrates, lipids (fats), and proteins.

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Micronutrients are commonly referred to as vitamins and minerals, and include minerals like sodium, copper and zinc, and vitamins such as C, A, D and E.

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Your body needs only very small quantities of micronutrients for survival. However, because micronutrients are vital to the proper functioning of all of your body’s systems, failure to get the small quantities that it requires can result in serious health problems.

Cranberry Sauce

Who doesn’t enjoy cranberry sauce as a part of a traditional Thanksgiving holiday spread? After all, cranberries are really good for you … right?

Yes they are. In fact, an impressive number of studies have shown that the regular consumption of raw cranberries have numerous potential health benefits including protection against cancer, aging and neurological diseases, inflammation, diabetes, bacterial infections, cardiovascular disease, the formation of alkaline stones inside the urinary tract, and plaque formation on tooth enamel.

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One cup (110 grams) of raw cranberries contains only 51 calories, zero fat, zero cholesterol, only 2 milligrams of sodium, and 5 grams of dietary fiber.

But what about cranberry sauce?

One cup (227 grams) of cranberry sauce packs 418 calories – 3 calories from fat – 80 milligrams of sodium, 108 grams of carbohydrates, 105 grams of sugar, and 3 grams of dietary fiber.

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As far as the good stuff in cranberry sauce goes, it does have 1 gram of protein, as well as significant amounts of vitamins A, C, E and K and other essential vitamins and minerals that the body needs to stay healthy. But most of this good stuff is coming from the natural cranberry itself, and not the sugary sweet, secret family recipe, thick gelatin drenching that these innocent berries receive each and every holiday season.

Try Bison … If You Dare …

The next time you’re choosing a low-fat meat main course – consider bison.  This nutritious and delicious meat is lower in fat than beef and lower in cholesterol than chicken, making it an exceptionally healthy alternative to other commonly consumed meats.

Bison is a high-protein low-fat powerhouse. While a 3-ounce serving contains only 122 calories and 2.1 grams of fat (0.8 gram of saturated fat), it’s loaded with 24.2 grams of protein. For those following a 2,000 calorie daily diet, this one serving represents 48 percent of the DV (daily value) for protein, 3 percent of the DV for fat, and 4 percent of the DV for saturated fat.

Bison will also load you up with B vitamins (riboflavin, niacin, B-6 and B-12), iron, phosphorus, zinc and selenium – the combination of which will boost the health of your eyes, hair, skin, liver and nervous system, help form red blood cells, develop strong bones, and prevent cell damage from free radicals.

Watermelon

Watermelons are mostly water (roughly 92 percent) but this refreshing fruit is loaded with nutrients. Each tasty bite has significant levels of vitamins A, B6 and C, lycopene, potassium, antioxidants and amino acids. Also, watermelons are fat-free, very low in sodium, and have only 40 calories per cup.

Corn

Corn gets a bad rap because it’s frequently found in packaged, processed food that can be void of nutrients. But straight-from-the-farm corn on the cob is a healthy whole grain, a good source of fiber, vitamin C, and the antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin, which promote healthy vision. Try boiling, grilling, steaming, baking or microwaving a few ears for dinner tonight … and enjoy!